JASC 22(2) | from the Field | Researched applications of velocity based strength training.

Mladen Jovanović1 & Dr Eamonn P. Flanagan2

1Hammarby fotboll AB / Hammarby IF Fotbollforening Veterinargrand 6 121 63 Johanneshov Sweden.
2Irish Rugby Football Union, 10-12 Lansdowne Road, Dublin 4, Ireland.
 
ABSTRACT
Strength training is a critical exercise stimulus for inducing changes in muscular strength, size and power (6). Recently, linear position transducers have gained in popularity as a means to monitor velocity in strength training exercises. The measurement error of such devices has been shown to be low and both relative and absolute reliability have been shown to be acceptable (2, 7, 11). The purpose of this article is to provide the overview and benefits of monitoring movement velocity in strength training exercises, along with providing the basis for novel “velocity-based” strength training prescription. We have covered the following practical applications: Guidelines to develop a velocity/load profile for athletes; Using the velocity load/profile to predict and monitor changes to maximal strength; Using velocity monitoring to control fatigue effects of strength training; Using velocity monitoring as an immediate performance feedback to promote the highest level of effort in specific training exercises and stronger adaptive stimuli. Linear position transducers are reliable and valid tools to help strength and conditioning practitioners monitor and optimize their strength training programs.
 
Keywords – Strength, velocity, bench press, squat, linear position transducer.

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